1.1 Concept and Objectives

1.1.1 Motivations

The Internet has shown the rise of a series of emerging communities thrived on different technologies (blogs, wiki, discussion groups, social software, etc.). The evolution of the World Wide Web from static content to user-oriented, dynamic services involves new challenges and opportunities.

E-government should be the area in which government and common citizens are able to interact. Since the beginning of the US Presidential Campaigns the interest of regular citizens in the way governments work and treat citizens' feedback has largely increased. In particular, political engagement via Internet is becoming mainstream as citizens increasingly contribute opinions or ask questions to their government representatives or help fund causes they support (as the famous Obama Funding Campaign which attracted millions of dollars from small donors) [W:dfnh-web]. [NB: The others here point to feedback, questions and engagement, but then cite fundraising. /*KaChing*/ rather than discourse ... a typical confound, and entirely fatal --bdt]

Unfortunately, many governments are not aware of how they can use these new technologies [NB: What "new technologies"?! With a wave of some magic wand we suddenly have a surplus of effective tools? Fatally wrong-headed. --bdt] and reach critical mass to have quick feedback on policy-making processes. [NB: Note that the focus here is on "quick", which obviates long tail, the aspect of reality that Exhibitum serves to amplify. (SideBar: Protension is all about the moment, the interactivity, so it considers the ergonomics of "quick".) --bdt] Moreover, there is a lack of tools that permit common citizens to voice their opinions, find different opinions, integrate their different opinions, [NB: This mis-represents actualities; that available resources do not support systematic activity does not say that such resources are absent. That they are a) present and also b) painfully sub-optimal is, we suggest, an important aspect of the pathology. --bdt] endorse the opinions they agree 0)1, [NB: This is false. Nothing represents the pathology better than "Like", which grounds participatory energy while contributing 0.01 of what a citizen should demand. --bdt] and respond to the government in a unified manner to questions posed to them. [NB: "Unified" ... what does the author have in mind here? Not group-think, surely. Coherent? --bdt] The lack of available technologies and [NB: A moment ago it was a question of "how they can use these new technologies" and now it's "lack of available technologies". An example of coherence, absent. --bdt] awareness and on these themes is however outweighed by the huge interest shown by European Governments about these subjects. Italian government (Presidenza del Consiglio) has declared its interest in this project and it will actively participate to Dissemination and Exploitation phases.

EUGAGER aims to cover this gap by providing a base platform with a single user-base for the creation of e-participation and e-governance tools: EUGAGER aims to design and implement the necessary tools for authentication and identification, knowledge acquisition, retrieval and