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1 SECTION 1 - SCIENTIFIC AND/OR TECHNICAL QUALITY, RELEVANT TO THE TOPICS ADDRESSED BY THE CALL

1.1 Concept and Objectives

1.1.1 Motivations

The Internet has shown the rise of a series of emerging communities thrived on different technologies (blogs, wiki, discussion groups, social software, etc.). The evolution of the World Wide Web from static content to user-oriented, dynamic services involves new challenges and opportunities.

E-government should be the area in which government and common citizens are able to interact. Since the beginning of the US Presidential Campaigns the interest of regular citizens in the way governments work and treat citizens' feedback has largely increased. In particular, political engagement via Internet is becoming mainstream as citizens increasingly contribute opinions or ask questions to their government representatives or help fund causes they support (as the famous Obama Funding Campaign which attracted millions of dollars from small donors) [W:dfnh-web].

Unfortunately, many governments are not aware of how they can use these new technologies and reach critical mass to have quick feedback on policy-making processes. Moreover, there is a lack of tools that permit common citizens to voice their opinions, find different opinions, integrate their different opinions, endorse the opinions they agree 0)1, and respond to the government in a unified manner to questions posed to them. The lack of available technologies and awareness and on these themes is however outweighed by the huge interest shown by European Governments about these subjects. Italian government (Presidenza del Consiglio) has declared its interest in this project and it will actively participate to Dissemination and Exploitation phases.

EUGAGER aims to cover this gap by providing a base platform with a single user-base for the creation of e-participation and e-governance tools: EUGAGER aims to design and implement the necessary tools for authentication and identification, knowledge acquisition, retrieval and