8 Introduction

humane governance can be achieved without world government, and that this is both the more likely and more desirable course of action. Bearing these considerations in mind, we move on to an exploration of the case for humane governance and the depiction of the pathways toward its realization in the decades ahead.

From Geopolitics to Humane Governance:

A Necessary Journey

Forms of geogovernance are emerging rapidly. Although now fluid, their contours will grow more and more discernible. Many different images of the character of geogovernance have been put forward as a definitive interpretation of our future prospects, but it is unlikely that a consensus will emerge as to whether geogovernance exists and what its main features are for at least a quarter-century. However, in this process the geopolitical axis will almost certainly shift from statist concerns with balance of power, stability, self-defense, spheres of influence, and alliances to global market concerns with competitiveness, financial flows, capital sources, trade expansion, coordinating mechanisms, and labor markets.

Humane governance is a preferred form of geogovernance. It is both a process and a goal. Humane governance emphasizes the achievement of comprehensive rights for all peoples on earth. It accords priority to those most vulnerable and abused, providing an alternative source of security to that associated with geopolitics and seeking to resolve conflict and establish order with a minimum reliance on violence and through dismantling by stages the mental and material components of the war system. Humane governance also presupposes environmental quality to protect the health and well-being of those now alive and those as yet unborn. Thus humane governance is less a negation of gepolitics than an insistence on its essential irrelevance to the proper ordering of political life at all levels of social interaction.

Situating the quest for humane governance is confusing and controversial. Old habits of thought suggest a point of departure that stresses the security concerns of major states in the post-Cold War era. Fashionable adaptations to changing views of "the big picture" place